higher education
health literacy
public health

How to Cite

Voliarska, O., Matulcik, J., Sejcova, L., & Puchyn, O. (2023). HEALTH LITERACY AS A DETERMINANT OF STUDENTS’ PROFESSIONAL SELF-REALIZATION: EXPERIENCE OF THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC . Clinical and Preventive Medicine, (4), 66-74.


Introduction. The article presents the results of diagnosing the health literacy of students of higher education institutions. This research was conducted within the VEGA project of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sports of the Slovak Republic No. 1/0293/21 “Education for Adult Health” (2022–2023) by representatives of the Department of Pedagogy and Andragogy Comenius University in Bratislava with the participation of Ukrainian colleagues.

The aim of the study is to assess the role of health literacy and analyze the results of empirical research to determine the level of the health literacy among the students at the universities in the Slovak Republic. The scientific innovation involves the determination of potential contribution to the increase of students‘ health literacy level so as to implement the startegies to improve professional self-realization within the high education system.

Material and methods. The results of students’ diagnosing are described according to the modified European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS_EU_Q47).

Results. The majority of the respondents is found out to have the sufficient level of the health literacy. It is identified that all respondents understood the need of additional informal training and gaining the skills of education activities. It is explained that the increase of the health literacy level results in gradual shaping of an expert’s professional self-realization: only a person who is mentally healthy and conscious of health and healthy lifestyle issues can be aware of his/her ways for professional improvement.

Conclusions. The role of digital technologies in improving medical literacy of students is proved. The research results should become the basis for developing and implementing of educational activities to support public health.


Abysova, M. A., Kravchuk, M. H., & Hurniak, O. M. (2023). Digitalization in university education: didactic aspects. Information Technologies and Learning Tools, 93(1), 68–79.

Agnafors, S., Barmark, М., & Sydsjö, G. (2021). Mental health and academic performance: a study on selection and causation effects from childhood to early adulthood. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 56, 857-866.

Albright, A.E., & Allen, R. S. (2018). HPV misconceptions among college students: The role of health literacy. Journal of Community Health, 43(6),1192-1200.

Betschart, S., Sandmeier, A., Skedsmo. G., Hascher T., Okan, O., & Dadaczynski, K. (2022). The Importance of School Leaders’ Attitudes and Health Literacy to the Implementation of a Health-Promoting Schools Approach. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (22), 14829.

Cesar, F.K., Lima Moraes, K., Visconde, V., Alves, A.G., Alves Borbosa, M., & Oleivera, L.M. (2022). Professional Responsiveness to Health Literacy: A Scoping Review. Health Literacy Research and Practic, 6 (2), 96-103.

Chun, H., Park, E.J., Choi, S.K., Yoon, H., Okan, O., & Dadaczynski, K. (2022). Validating the Digital Health Literacy Instrument in Relation to COVID-19 Information (COVID-DHL-K) among South Korean Undergraduates. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (6), 34-37.

Fleary, S., & Ettienne R. (2019). Social Disparities in Health Literacy in the United States. Health Literacy Research and Practice, 3 (1), 47-52.

Fløtten, K-J. О., Aujoulat, I., Wyller, V., & Solevаg, A. L. (2022). But what do we mean by “health”? A critical perspective on the concept of health in the adolescent transition program of a Norwegian university hospital. BMC Health Services Research, 22, 1589.

Gunther, C. E., Peddicord, V., Kozlowski, J., Menture, Li., Y., D., Fabius, R., Frazee, S. G., & Nigro P. N. (2019). Building a culture of health and well-being at Merck. Population Health Management, 22(5), 449-456. https://doi: 10.1089/pop.2018.0116.

Hadden, R. B. (2015). Health literacy training for health professions students. Patient Education and Counseling, 98(7), 918–920. 10.1016/j.pec.2015.03.016

Huszti, I., Csatáry, G., & Lechner, I. (2022). Distance learning as the new reality in tertiary education: a case study. Advanced Education, 9(21), 100-120.

Khadka, M., & Kunwar, B. (2021). Ways to Make Medical Students Competent Professionally: View of Medical Students. Jurnal of Nepal Medical Association, 59(244), 1328-1330.

Levin-Zamir, D. (2020): Communication, Health Literacy and a Systems Approach for Mitigating the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Case for Massive Vaccine Roll-out in Israel. Journal of health communication, (25/10), 816-818.

Matulchik, Yu. (2022). Rozuminnia katehorii zdorov’ia, zdorov’iazberezhuvalnoi kompetentnosti ta medyko-sanitarnoi osvity doroslykh u nimetskomovnykh krainakh [Understanding the category of health, medical competence and sanitary education in adult education in german-speaking countries]. Estetika i etyka pedahohichnoi dii [Aesthetics and ethics of pedagogical action], 25, 50-62.

Pelikan, J., Link, Т., & Straßmayr, С. (2021). The European Health Literacy Survey 2019 of M-POHL: a summary of its main results. European Journal of Public Health, 31 (3), 187-189.

Rynhach, N. O. (2019). Оbiznanist naselennia shchodo faktoriv ryzyku yak aspekt sanitarnoi hramotnosti v Ukraini [Awareness of population about risk factors as an aspect of health literacy in Ukraine]. Demohrafiia i sotsialna ekonomika [Demography and Social Economy], 1 (35), 41-52.

Simpson, R. M., Knowles, E. & O’Cathain, A. (2020). Health literacy levels of British adults: a cross-sectional survey using two domains of the Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ). BMC Public Health, 20, 1819.

Sоrensen, K. (2022). From Project-Based Health Literacy Data and Measurement to an Integrated System of Analytics and Insights: Enhancing Data-Driven Value Creation in Health-Literate Organizations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (20), 13210.

Sorensen, K., & Brand, H. (2014). Health literacy lost in translations? Introducing the European Health Literacy Glossary. Health Promotion International, 29 (4), 634-644. 10.1093/heapro/dat013

Sоrensen, K., Pelikan, J. M., Röthlin, F., Ganahl, K., Slonska, Z., Doyle, G., Fullam, J., Kondilis, B., Agrafiotis, D., Uiters, E., Falcon, M., Mensing, M., Tchamov, K., Van den Broucke, S., & Brand, H. (2015). Health literacy in Europe: comparative results of the European health literacy survey (HLS-EU). European Journal of Public Healt, 25 (6), 1053-1058.

Sоrensen, K., Van den Broucke, S., Pelikan, J. M., Fullam, J., Doyle, G., Slonska, Z., Kondilis, B., Stoffels, V., Osborne, R. H., & Brand, H. (2013). Measuring health literacy in populations: illuminating the design and development process of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q). BMC Public Health volume, 13, 948.

Tavousi, M., Mohammadi, S., Sadighi, J., Zarei, F., Kermani, R.M., Rostami, R., & Montazeri A. (2022). Measuring health literacy: A systematic review and bibliometric analysis of instruments from 1993 to 2021. Patient education, 17(7):e0271524. 10.1371/journal.pone.0271524

Yoleri, S., & Nur Anadolu, Z. (2022). Examination of digital literacy skills of undergraduate students according to various variables. Advanced Education, 9(21), 121–134.

Zegers, C. A., Gonzales, K., Smith, L. M., Pullen, C. H., De Alba, A., & Fiandt, K. (2020): The psychometric testing of the functional, communicative, and critical health literacy tool. Patient education and counseling, 103(11), 2347-2352.

Zheng, M., Jin, H., Shi, N., Duan, C., Wang, D., Yu, X., & Li, X. (2018). The relation ship between health literacy and quality of life: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Healthand Quality of Life Outcomes, 16, 201.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.